Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Soceity, Vol. 14, No. 1

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Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Soceity, Vol. 14, No. 1


Several brief excerpts from this report (as highlighted in blue), describe expeditions to Palmyra to study the fly and mosquito populations. These are the only mention of these expeditions we know of, and are also the first scientific confirmation that not only were mosquitoes not present prior to World War 2, but they left behind only a single species.


Hawaiian Entomological Society


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Palmyra Island Mosquitoes - Dr. Hu reported that a mosquito survey of Palmyra Island, made April 4-7, shows the only species present to be Culex Quinquefasciatus Say. The larvae were found in rainwater in coconut shells, as well as in artificial containers. Before the war the island was free of mosquitoes.

Scholastes Palmyra Curran - Dr. Hardy exhibited specimens of this platystomatid fly collected April 6, 1949, on Palmyra Island by Dr. Hu. The species is closely allied to S. Lonchifera Hendel, described from the Cook Islands and reported throughout the Society group.

Euxesta Semifasciata Malloch - Dr. Hardy reported an ortalid fly not specifically reported from Oahu, until now, and previously unknown from Palmyra. A specimen of this species is from Lanikai, taken in light trap, December 3, 1945 (W.W. Wirth), and another was collected by sweeping on Palmyra Island, May 18, 1949 (D.D. Bonnet). Described from the Ellice Islands (Ins. of Samoa, 6:216, 1930) this fly is most closely related to Euxesta binotata Loew, from Cuba. The genus is not well developed in the Pacific.


Hawaiian Entomological Society, “Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Soceity, Vol. 14, No. 1,” Palmyra Archive, accessed July 14, 2020,